Uterine cancer is a form of gynecologic cancer in which the abnormal cell growth originates in the uterus or womb.
About Uterine Cancer
In uterine cancer, abnormal growth that originates in uterine tissue can spread to organs in the body. Usually occurring after menopause, this condition is the most common form of gynecologic cancer.
Types of Uterine Cancer
Uterine cancer is classified based on the uterine tissue in which the condition first develops.
Types of uterine cancer include:
- Endometrial cancer: Cancer that forms in the lining of the uterus, also known as the endometrium
- Uterine Sarcoma: Cancer that forms in the muscular tissue of the uterus
Not only is endometrial cancer the most common form of uterine cancer, it is also the most common cancer affecting female reproductive organs overall.
Symptoms of Uterine Cancer
The primary symptom of uterine cancer is vaginal bleeding that is abnormal in any way, such as that which occurs between menstrual periods or after menopause.
Risk Factors for Uterine Cancer
Understanding the risk factors for uterine cancer can help you prevent the condition.
Risk factors for uterine cancer may include:
- Age: Uterine cancer is more common in people over that age of 50.
- Family history: Individuals with a family history of gynecologic cancer are more likely to develop uterine cancer.
- Health history: Obesity, a history of reproductive difficulties, and taking tamoxifen to prevent breast cancer or taking estrogen without progesterone during menopause are linked to higher rates of uterine cancer.
Diagnosing Uterine Cancer
There is currently no routine screening test for uterine cancer. If your doctor suspects you have the condition based on your symptoms, they can perform an endometrial biopsy or a transvaginal ultrasound for diagnosis.
Treating Uterine Cancer
Your treatment will depend on your type of uterine cancer, disease progression, and personal preference. Options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of approaches. Your provider will work with you to determine the best course of action.
Care Team Approach
Gynecologic oncologists are fellowship-trained gynecologists who have completed an additional 3-4 years of training beyond specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology to become experts in prevention, early detection, and treatment of all gynecologic cancers.
Patients are cared for by a dedicated multidisciplinary care team, meaning you will benefit from the expertise of multiple specialists across a variety of disciplines. Our gynecologic oncologists work alongside a team of women’s health experts, including radiation oncologists, pathologists, radiologists, oncofertility specialists, onco-psychiatrists, genetic counselors, physical therapists, dietitians, social workers, and more, to provide unparalleled care for patients every step of the way.
We collaborate with our colleagues at the Dell Medical School and The University of Texas at Austin to utilize the latest research, diagnostic, and treatment techniques, allowing us to provide you with world-class, personalized cancer treatment.